Originating from the Solutions Focused Approach the OSKAR coaching model is a powerful framework to help your coaching sessions focus on solutions rather than problems. Here is a brief description of the different stages (adapted from ‘The Solutions Focus’ by Paul Z Jackson and Mark McKergow).
Once your coachee has a clear picture of their desired outcome you can
then establish where they are already in relation to this. Using
Scaling Techniques are a very good way of helping to quantifying this.
e.g. On a scale of 1 – 10, where 1 represents x and 10 represents y, where are you in relation to this goal.
This stage really is about ‘digging for gold’ and plenty of time should be taken to establish the resources your coachee has available to them.
Affirming - this is about providing positive reinforcement of what you have heard…reflecting back positive comments about some of the keys strengths and attributes your coachee has revealed e.g. I am impressed with the knowledge you have in this are?’ or it’s evident from what you have just said that this is working for you
Action – this is about helping your coachee determine what small action or actions they will now take.
This final stage of the OSKAR coaching model is for reviewing progress against actions and is therefore most likely to take place at the beginning of the next coaching session. The emphasis is on reviewing the positives: